A paddy field is a flooded parcel of land used for growing semi aquatic rice. Paddy cultivation should not be confused with cultivation of deep water rice, which is grown in flooded conditions with water more than 50 cm (20 in) deep for at least one month.

  • LAND

    Land preparation is important to ensure that the rice field is ready for planting. A well-prepared field controls weeds, recycles plant nutrients, and provides a soft soil mass for transplanting and a suitable soil surface for direct seeding. This is important for effective weed control.


    Optimal plant spacing may also be achieved through this method. Transplant 2-3 seedlings of 15-21 days wet-bed or dry-bed grown seedlings at 20 x 20 cm spacing. Closer spacing (15 x 15 cm or 10 x 10 cm) can be found on the availability of planters and the cost of transplanting.


    The varieties grown during this season are mostly varieties of short duration ranging from 90 to 110 days. The main rice growing season in the country is ‘Kharif’. It is known as winter rice as per the harvest time. The sowing time of winter (Kharif) rice is June-July and it is harvested in November-December.


    Spray 5% neem and Poseidon 2 gm per 1 liter of water against lice sucking insects. To prevent formulas, sprinkle Nevigator 10 ml per 1 liter of water.