Nashik is a holy city in Maharashtra that is located in the western part of India. Nashik is the blend of ancient and modern architecture but it is mainly popular as the ‘wine capital of India’ or ‘Grape city of India’.
This city is surrounded by breathtaking western ghats and it lies on the bank of the holy river Godavari. Nashik has a wonderful atmosphere and that is the main reason why Grapes are so easily grown in Nashik compared to other parts of India.
The atmosphere in Nashik is perfect for the growth of Grapes. The government of Maharashtra made this city the centre point for the Wine Industry. That is why Nashik is called the ‘Wine capital of India’ or ‘Grape city of India’.
Wine Tour in Nashik:
The majority of tourist attractions in Nashik are Vineyards. There are almost 30 wineries in Nashik that offer a mesmerizing view of the Vineyards and offer wine tasting sessions.
Why Grapes are highly likely to grow in Nashik?
Grapes require a hot and dry climate for the growth of plants and fruits. They grow perfectly in regions where the temperature ranges from 15 to 40 degrees Celsius. If the temperature rises above 40 degrees then the development of the fruit falls considerably low and the size of the berry reduces over time. On the other hand, climate temperature below 15 degrees leads to early bud-break and results in crop failure.
The growth and resistance of the buds depend on the factor of light. It requires the light intensity of a 2400 ft candle. Low light intensity during the pruning can adversely affect the crop. Grapes are mostly grown at the elevation of 200 to 250 mm above the mean sea level.
The annual rainfall for the growth of the grapes should not exceed more than 900mm throughout the year. Rainfall during the flowering and fruit ripening can be bad as it can spread the mildew disease. The humidity required for the growth of grape plants needs to be Highly atmospheric but too much can lead to the development of fungal disease.
Grape plaloams. The soil needs to have a good water holding capacity. The soil pH needs to be somewhere between 4.0 to 9.5 but even soils having a pH between nts favourably grow in a variety of soils such as red sandy soils, red loams, shallow to medium black soils, sandy loams, and sandy clay 6.5 to 8.00 can also be favourable.
Grapes do grow in other parts of India but Nashik’s valley wine is said to be of the utmost quality because of the high altitude that distinguishes it with a specific acid-sugar balance that denotes wine to be a Very good grade.
Farmers who grow Grapes in Nashik are doing very well and they are adopting advanced farming methods to maintain the world quality standards. Grapes that are grown in Nashik have received a Global GAP certificate for the cultivation of grapes. For the growth of healthy grape plants, Farmers use plasticulture techniques like fertigation techniques, micro-irrigation systems, pre-cooling & cold chambers for the storage of grapes.