Modern Farming is the future of the food production methods in India. Even though agriculture in India still practices traditional procedures, the increasing demand and climate change have encouraged farmers to adopt modern farming methods to increase crop production.
Technology and innovation have led to many inventive ways for farmers to grow crops that yield healthier and pesticide-free plants. Also, it encourages sustainable agriculture practices that are great for the ecosystem.
Let’s discuss the different types of modern farming methods that are now being adopted by farmers.
Aeroponics Farming method: Aeroponics is a farming method where farmers grow plants in a mist environment without the usage of soil. They are cost-efficient compared to other farming methods. As these plants are grown in water they are prone to be easily infected thus they need to be examined frequently.
Aquaponics Farming method: The plants grown in the Aquaponics system are concentrated in the environment with the combination of aquaculture and agriculture. These plants are grown in the water with aquatic animals such as fish, snails, or prawns. Fish waste is the fertilizer used for the growth of the plants and you can produce continuous food without soil-borne diseases.
Hydroponics farming method: In the Hydroponics method, the plant is grown in the water without any soil as a medium. It uses mineral-rich water and some sunlight for growth. It is observed that plants grow much quicker in hydroponics compared to plants grown in soil. They are good for the environment and they are sustainable as they can reuse the same water.
Tissue culture farming method: The tissue culture farming method is the cloning of plants using tissue or cells in a strictly controlled environment. Plants grown in Tissue Farming can produce crops irrespective of weather or season. As they are new plants grown in tissue culture thus they are naturally disease-free and they grow quickly in weeks’ time.
Drones farming method: Drone technology is an aerial vehicle that shows a butterfly picture of the crops grown and monitors the growth of the crops. This helps in collecting scientific information that dictates the health of the crops and understanding the water excess and shortage in certain areas.
Vertical farming methods: Vertical farming is the method of growing plants indoors in a cramped area with exposure to the little glow of the sun. Such farming methods are encouraged in an urban area with buildings and houses. The idea of vertical farming is associated with future farming as the dependency on the outskirts area for vegetation will be in low demand thus it will save transportation costs. It is healthier and eco-friendly as it fully depends on organic fertilizers.
Why should you opt for fertilizers produced from organic materials?
Sustainable and organic agriculture is a long way to go and it is a must for growing healthy crops and maintaining the fertility of the soil. Organic fertilizers have numerous benefits that can help to fight the challenges brought by climate change.
Farmers who started adopting organic fertilizers had observed that the soil structure improved majorly which resulted in the holding of the water and nutrients. As the fertility of soil loses over time because of the continuous production of crops, the same can be reversed with organic fertilizers. Thus, organic farming methods should be adopted by farmers to create a healthy agriculture ecosystem. The nutrients present in the soil can also thrive for a longer period as the microbes survive much longer in the organic matter compared to the synthetic fertilizers.
The major reason why we should opt for organic fertilizers is that it is environmentally friendly and sustainable in nature. As we are heading into a phase where pollution is the major cause for the decline in the growth of crops; organic fertilizers can be a solution to combat such threats to the ecosystem.