Even at unprecedented times caused by COVID-19, the agriculture industry in India still looks very solid. India’s agriculture ecosystem for businesses, farmers, and entrepreneurs looks brighter because even during COVID-19 there wasn’t any dip in the supply chain of exporting agriculture commodities like grains, vegetables, fruits, and livestock.
According to the World Trade Organization reports, India stood in the Top 10 list of agricultural produce exporters in 2019. India has been one of the Top contributors to meet the Global demand as the supplier of food and other agriculture products. The economic survey concluded that the Agri-exports had reached the milestone of Rs. 2.25 Lakh crores in the year 2019-2020. However, India’s agricultural exports only covered 2.5 percent of the world’s agricultural trade. The main export destinations that were catered to were the USA, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Iran. The key products of agriculture commodities that were exported were Basmati Rice, Buffalo Meat, Marine products, Cotton raw, Oil, Sugar, and Tea.
The growth of agriculture exports has encouraged the government to bring in new policy and product expansion into new markets that will remove the bottlenecks faced during the export and subsequently benefit the farmers as well as the Indian agriculture exporters. Although, there is a rising concern over climate change affecting the agriculture growth in India.
How likely is Indian Agriculture going to be impacted by Climate change?
Climate change is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases and human-induced aerosols can lead to the change of the monsoon behaviors that can affect crop production. As India’s economy is dependent on Agriculture, thus the loss of crops will be heavy.
To ensure that such adversity can be averted there should be a determined effort from the developed and the developing countries to make industrialization environment friendly by reducing the greenhouse emission. Such awareness can be raised by awareness programs on climate change that can impact agriculture, health, fisheries, forestry, and ocean biodiversity.
From the agriculture point of view, the effects of extreme weather events on crops are to be documented so that it will be handy to planners in such re-occurrence events for mitigating the ill effects. Also, there is a need to guide farmers on the projected impact of climate change and sensitize them on probable mitigation and adaptation options to minimize the risk in the Agricultural sector.
How can organic farming help in sustainable development?
The increasing population and pollution are calling out for sustainable agriculture methods that can improve the health of the soil, boost healthy growth of the plants and promote environmental sustainability.
Modern farming techniques such as the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers and such has imbalanced the nutrients in the soil and over time reduced soil fertility. To reverse that adverse effect, organic farming can be a life-saver as it’s environmentally friendly and it has no harmful chemical ingredients. Organic farming is one of the best methods to boost the fertility of the soil and also improve crop production because it does not harm the ecosystem.
Sustainable agriculture is the development of the agriculture ecosystem without depleting the natural resources. As organic farming products are mainly made from the waste of plants and animals thus it is claimed to be ecological and environmentally friendly.
India is progressing in the export of agricultural products but at the same time, it also creates more demand. With the increase of demand, it will require more production of crops and if the usage of chemical products will be favored then the ecological balance will be disproportionate. Sustainable agriculture focuses on creating healthy ecosystems and sustainable management of water, land, and natural resources. Thus organic farming is one of the reliable agriculture methods because it ensures that there is no usage of harmful products that could imbalance the ecosystem.
More importantly, the produced crops from organic farming are sold at higher prices compared to traditional farming so this can be one of the reasons for the farmers to implement organic farming methods and products.