India is blessed with a coastline of over 8,129 kms, 2.02 million sq. km of EEZ, 0.5 million sq. km. Continental shelf estimated to have exploitable resources to the tune of 4.42 million tons of sea food out of which about 3.22 million tons are presently exploited. Over the years fishery industry is emerging and rapidly growing. India’s total fishery production is about 8.88 million tons from both capture and aquaculture.
Aquaculture production has grown tremendously in the past years and is expected to continue during next few years. In India, two types of aquaculture are practiced. These are freshwater aquaculture and brackish water aquaculture. Freshwater aquaculture involves the breeding of freshwater fish varieties like Rohu, Catla, Mrugal, Freshwater Prawn, Freshwater Pearl Culture and Ornamental Fish Farming.
Brackish water aquaculture involves breeding of Shrimp Variety like Vannamei. It is practiced in big way in States like West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
More About Fish Farming
How do you start Fish Farming?
What are farm ponds?
How much profit does a fish farmer make?
On an average he earns Rs. 1.75 lakh from it by incurring an annual expenditure of Rs. 25,000 only. The net profit of Rs. 1.5 lakh from 2 acres of land is about 50 percent more than what the farmers who cultivate wheat and paddy crops get.
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