Wheat Crop Management

 

Wheat Crop

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

SOIL

LAND PREPARATION

After harvest of previous crop, the field should be ploughed with disc or mould board plough. Field is usually prepared by giving one deep plough with iron plough followed by two or three times local plough and planking. Carried out plough in evening time and kept furrow open whole night to absorb some moisture from dew. Planking should be done after each plough early in the morning.

SOWING- Time of sowing

Wheat must be sown at the optimum time. Delayed sowing causes a gradual decline in the yield of wheat. The time of sowing is 25 October – November.

Spacing

For normal sown crop a spacing of 20 – 22.5 cm between rows is recommended. When sowing is delayed a closer spacing of 15-18 cm should be adopted.

Sowing Depth

The sowing depth should be 4-5 cm.

Method of sowing

For sowing different methods of planting such as- 

  1. Seed drill
    2. Broadcasting method
    3. Zero tillage drill
    4. Rotavator

SEED Rate

Use seed rate of 45 kg per acre. The seed should be cleaned and graded thoroughly before sowing.

Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)

UREA DAP or SSP MURIATE OF POTASH ZINC
110 55 or 100 20

Nutrient Requirement (kg/acre)

NITROGEN PHOSPHORUS POTASH
50 25 12