Brinjal Crop Management

 

Brinjal Crop 

Brinjal

Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is a easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. Its fruit is high in nutrition and in general. The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine.

Climate

Of all the solanaceous vegetable, brinjal is the most sensitive to frost and low temperature. It requires about five months of frost-free period for proper growth and development. It flourishes best during warm growing season with a temperature range of 25 – 27 oC.

Planting Time

June to July

SEED Rate

The 700 gms to 1000 gms seed required to raise the seedlings for 1 ha area.

Fertilsers and management

  1. Brinjal being a long duration crop, requires a good amount of manures and fertilisers for high yield.
  2. The nutrient requirement for varieties is 100:50:50 kg N:P:K / ha and for hybrids it is 200:75:75 kg N:P:K / ha.

INTEGRATED pest management

  1. Select healthy seed plants.
  2. Crop rotation by proper water management.
  3. The vegetables which are harvested at short intervals are likely to remain unavoidably high level of pesticide residues which can be highly dangerous to consumers.
  4. The excessive reliance on chemicals has led to the problem of resistance, resurgence, environmental pollution and decimation of useful animal and flora.