Plant Protection

Paddy

Diseases :-

1. Blast :-

Symptoms -

Irregular spots with dark reddish brown margins & gray center

Big irregular patches on leaves

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

2. Brown Spot :-

Symptoms -

Dark brown or black spots also appear on glumes.

Infected seed causes failure of seed germination, infected in nurseries leads to seedling mortality.

Remedy - Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

Sugarcane

Diseases :-

1. Sugarcane Red Rot :-

Symptoms -

The spindle leaves (3rd & 14th) display drying. At a later stage, stalks become discoloured and hollow.

Acervuli (black fruiting bodies) develop on rind and nodes. After splitting open the diseased stalk, a sour smell emanates.

The internal tissues are reddened with intermingled transverse white spots.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm & Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water.

2. Sugarcane Wilt :-

Symptoms -

Externally gradual yellowing and drying of foliage, shrinkage / withering of canes.

Internally light to dark purplish or brown discoloration of ground tissue, pithiness and boat shaped cavities in the middle of the internodes.

Remedy - Bordogold 5 gm & Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water. It should also spray the Pacifier 0.3 ml per liter water at 10 days interval.

3. Grassy shot :-

Symptoms -

The disease is characterized by proliferation of vegetative buds from the base of the cane giving rise to crowded bunch of tillers.

The tillers bear pale yellow to completely chlorotic leaves.

Cane formation rarely takes place in affected clumps and if the canes are thin with short internodes.

Remedy -

Ajinkya's Velvet 5 ml per liter water.

Grape

Diseases :-

1. Downy Mildew :-

Symptoms -

The fungus is an obligate pathogen which can attack all green parts of the vine.
Symptoms of this disease are frequently confused with those of powdery mildew. Infected leaves develop pale yellow-green lesions which gradually turn brown. Severely infected leaves often drop prematurely.
Infected petioles, tendrils and shoots often curl, develop a shepherd's crook, and eventually turn brown and die.
Young berries are highly susceptible to infection and are often covered with white fruiting structures of the fungus. Infected older berries of white cultivars may turn dull gray-green, whereas those of black cultivars turn pinkish red.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm + Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water. Accordingly, 5 sprays should be alternated after transfusion, alternating at 12 intervals.

2. Powdery Mildew :-

Symptoms -

Powdery mildew, caused by the fungus Uncinulanecator, can infect all green tissues of the grapevine.
Tissues are generally susceptible to infection throughout the growing season.
Diseased leaves appear whitish gray, dusty or have a powdery white appearance. Petioles, cluster stems and green shoots often look distorted or stunted. Berries can be infected until their sugar content reaches about 8%.
If infected when young, the epidermis of the berry can split and the berries dry up or rot. When older berries are infected, a netlike pattern often develops on the surface of the berry.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm + Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water.

3. Bacterial Leaf Spot :-

Symptoms -

The young growing shoots are affected first. Disease infects leaves, shoots and berries. The symptoms appear as minute water soaked spots on the lower surface of the leaves along the main and lateral veins.
Later on these spots coalesce and form larger patches. Brownish black lesions are formed on the berries, which later become small and shriveled.

Remedy -

Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

Pomogranate

Diseases :-

1. Alternaria Fruit Spot :-

Symptoms -

Small raddish brown circular spots appear on the fruit.

As the disease advance these spots coalesce to form larger patches & fruits start rotting.

Remedy -

Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Pacifier 0.3 ml per liter water & Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

2. Bacterial Fruit Blight :-

Symptoms -

Appearance of one to several small water soaked, dark coloured irregular spots on leaves resulting in premature defoliation under severe cases.

Spots on fruits were dark brown irregular slightly raised with oily appearance, which split open with L- shaped cracks under severe cases.

Remedy - Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

Tomato

Diseases

1. Damping Off:-

Symptoms -

Damping off of tomato occurs in two stages, i.e. the pre-emergence and the post-emergence phase.

In the pre-emergence the phase the seedlings are killed just before they reach the soil surface.

The young radical and the plumule are killed and there is complete rotting of the seedlings.

The post-emergence phase is characterized by the infection of the young, juvenile tissues of the collar at the ground level.

The infected tissues become soft and water soaked. The seedlings topple over or collapse.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

2.Septoria leaf spot :-

Symptoms -

Less vigorous plant are usually affected.

Small, round to irregular spots with a grey center and dark margin on leaves.

Spots usually start on lower leaves and gradually advance upwards.

Spots coalesce and leaves are blighted.

Complete defoliation of affected leaves.

Stems and flowers are sometimes attacked.

Fruits are rarely attacked.

Remedy - Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

3. Bacterial stem and fruit canker:-

Symptoms -

Disease appears as spots on leaves, stems and fruits and as wilting of leaves and shoots.

White blister like spots in the margins of leaves.

Spots become brown with age and coalesce, but leaves do not fall off.

Leaflets on one side of rachis show withering initially.

Light coloured streaks on stems and petioles at the joints.

Cracks develop in streaks and form cankers.

Slimy bacterial ooze through the cracks in humid weather.

Small, shallow, water soaked, spots with white halo develop on fruits.

The centers of spots become slightly raised, tan coloured and rough.

Vascular discolouration is seen in split open stems.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Pacifier 0.3 ml per liter water.

Chili

Bacterial diseases

1. Bacterial Leaf spot :-

Symptoms -

The leaves exhibit small, circular or irregular, dark brown or black greasy spots.
As the spots enlarge in size, the centre becomes lighter surrounded by a dark band of tissue.
On the fruits, round, raised water soaked spots with a pale yellow border are produced.

Remedy -

Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

2. Bacterial Wilt :-

Symptoms -

The roots and lower part of the stem have a browning of the water-conducting portion (i.e. vascular system) of the plant.

Diseased roots or stems that are cut and placed in a small container of water will show a steady, yellowish or gray bacterial ooze coming from the cut end.

Remedy - Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

3. Anthracnose :-

Symptoms -

Symptoms are seen on leaf, stem and fruit.

Small, circular spots on the skin of the fruit and expanded in the direction of long axis of the fruit.
The fruits with many spots drop off prematurely resulting in heavy loss of yield.
Fungus may also attack the fruit stalk and spread along the stem causing dieback symptoms.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Pacifier 2 ml per liter water.

Capsicum

Diseases :-

1. Bacterial Leaf spot :-

Symptoms -

The leaves exhibit small, circular or irregular, dark brown or black greasy spots. As the spots enlarge in size, the centre becomes lighter surrounded by a dark band of tissue. On the fruits, round, raised water soaked spots with a pale yellow border are produced.

Remedy -

Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

2. Bacterial Wilt :-

Symptoms -

The roots and lower part of the stem have a browning of the water-conducting portion (i.e. vascular system) of the plant. Diseased roots or stems that are cut and placed in a small container of water will show a steady, yellowish or gray bacterial ooze coming from the cut end.

Remedy - Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

Onion

Diseases :-

1. Iris yellow spot :-

Symptoms -

Iris yellow spot virus are often seen as a cream, elliptical spots on the leaves. The spots also appear on onion scapes or flower stalks of onions.

As both infected leaves and scapes age, they can collapse at the site of the spots. The Spots Although the spots may be at first being insignificant, the disease has the potential of devastating the whole crop.

Remedy -

Ajinkya's Velvet 5 ml per liter water.

2. Onion yellow dwarf disease :-

Symptoms -

The first symptoms of yellow dwarf in young onions are yellow streaks at the bases of the first true leaves.

Leaves are sometimes crinkled and flattened and tend to fall over. Bulbs are undersized.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Velvet 5 ml per liter water.

Potato

Disease :-

1. Septoria leaf spot:–

Symptoms -

Less vigorous plants, small, round to unregular spots with a graycenter and dark margin on leaves spots, at later stage spot and leaves are blighted. Completed Stems and flowers are sometimes attacked. Fruits are rarely attacked Less vigorous plants.

Remedy -

Bactophor 0.5 gm per liter water.

2. Black scurf / Canker:–

Symptoms -

Rhizoctonia canker occurs when the stolons contact soil borne fungal bodies.
Pathogen infects plant tissue and causes stolon blinding thus reducing tuber production and yield.
It also causes infects tubers causing black scurf but this is purely cosmetic, reduces tuber appearance and does not reduce yield.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm per liter water. Besides Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + 0.3 ml Pacifier per liter water.

3. Late blight:-

Symptoms -

This disease damages leaves, stems and tubers. Affected leaves appear blistered as if scalded by hot water and finally rot and dry out.

When drying out, leaves turn brown or black in color. When infections are still active, spots appear on the underside of leaves.

Affected stems from their tips and finally dry out.
Severe infections cause all foliage to rot, dry out and fall to the ground, stems to dry out and plants to die.

Affected tubers display dry brown-colored spots and flesh. This disease acts very quickly If it is not controlled, infected plants will die within two or three days.

Remedy - Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

Brinjal

Diseases :-

1. Damping Off :–

Symptoms -

On leaf stunning & yellowing of foliage and finaly collapse of the entire plant.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

2. Leaf Spot :-

Symptoms -

The disease symptoms are characterized by chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in shape, later turning greyish-brown. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Pacifier 0.3 ml per liter water Besides Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

Okra

Diseases :-

1. Powdery Mildew :-

Symptoms -

Powdery white covering on leaves patches may coalesce to cover entire plant; if plant is heavily infected leaves may roll upward and appear scorched.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm + Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water.

2. Fusarium Wilt :-

Symptoms -

Wilting of cotyledons and seedling leaves; cotyledons become chlorotic at the edges and then necrotic; older plants exhibit symptoms of wilting and leaf chlorosis; wilting is usually gradual but may be pronounced after heavy summer rain; If infection is severe and can be killed; The vascular system of infected plants becomes discolored and can be seen.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Pacifier 2 ml per liter water.

Cucumber

Diseases :-

1. Leaf spot :-

Symptoms -

Small, yellow-brown spots with a yellow or green halo which first appears on the oldest leaves; As the disease progresses, lesions expand and become large necrotic patches, often with concentric Patternation lesions coalesce, leaves begin to curl and finally die.

Remedy -

Bordogold 5 gm & Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water. It should also spray the Pacifier 0.3 ml in water at 10 days interval.

2. Anthracnose :-

Symptoms -

Brown roughly circular lesions with yellow edges on leaves, petioles, stems and / or fruit; lesions on resistant varieties appear tan with green edges; Dry out.

Remedy - Bordogold 5 gm & Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml per liter water. It should also spray the Pacifier 0.3 ml in water at 10 days interval.

3. Downey mildew :-

Symptoms -

Fluffy purplish mildew on underside of leaves; yellow spots.

Remedy -

Ajinkya's Fusion 5 ml + Bordogold 5 gm per liter water.

4. Squash Mosaic :-

Symptoms -

Symptoms differ with Varieties of plants that can show symptoms which include green veinbanding, mottled leaves, blisters, ring spots or potruding veins at leaf margins; some squash varieties may develop leaf enations; infected plants are often stunted and can be malformed with mottled skin.

Remedy - Ajinkya's Velvet 5 ml per liter water.